α1-Antitrypsin Gene Mutation Hot Spot Associated with the Formation of a Retained and Degraded Null Variant

Mark Brantly, Jung Hwa Lee, Jeffery Hildeshiem, Chang Sub Uhm, Udaya B.S. Prakash, Bruce A. Staats, Ronald G. Crystal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Null α1-antitrypsin (α1AT) alleles represent the end of a continuum of variants associated with profound α1AT deficiency and an increased risk of emphysema. This study characterizes the molecular basis of QOclayton, a new example of an α1AT null allele arising from a mutational hot spot in the α1AT gene. The QOclayton allele is identical to the normal M1(V213) α1AT allele except for an insertion of a cytosine. This insertion occurs in the α1AT sequence which normally has seven cytosines corresponding to amino acid residues 360 to 362. The QOclayton mutation is located in the same reiterated DNA sequence as the α1AT QObolton deletion mutation and the insertion mutation allele QOsaarbruecken. The QOclayton cytosine insertion causes a 3′ frameshift and results in the formation of a termination codon at residue 376, the same consequence as the α1AT QOmattawa mutation (L353 T-insertion with a 3′ frameshift). To determine the molecular mechanisms responsible for the absence of α1AT associated with the QOclayton gene, an in vitro model of QOclayton was established using Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) transfected with the QOclayton gene. These cells were evaluated for α1AT mRNA expression, protein synthesis and secretion. Although the QOclayton gene expresses a similar amount of α1AT mRNA as compared with the normal α1AT gene, no QOclayton protein is secreted. Protein trafficking and double-label immunofluorescence demonstrate that the QOclayton protein is retained in the rough endoplasmic reticulum or pre-Golgi compartment and is degraded (t1/2 = 6.5 h). Since QOmattawa, QObolton, and QOsaarbruecken have similar termination sites in the α1AT mRNA, they may share a similar intracellular fate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-231
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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