βig-h3 mediates osteoblast adhesion and inhibits differentiation

Narendra Thapa, Kae Bok Kang, In San Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

βig-h3 is an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein induced by TGF-β, and it has motifs interacting with the α3β1, αvβ5, and αvβ3 integrins. Our previous study shows the role of βig-h3 in osteoblast differentiation and its involvement in melorheostosis, a rare bone disease. Here we demonstrate that βig-h3 expression is down-regulated during the early stage of differentiation of the murine preosteoblastic cell line, KS483. The recombinant βig-h3 and its FAS1 domain significantly inhibited in vitro osteoblast differentiation as evaluated by matrix mineralization/bone nodule formation. Furthermore, inhibition of expression of osteoblast differentiation marker genes [such as type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin (OC)] was accompanied by suppression of osteoblast-specific transcription factors, Cbfa1/Runx2 and osterix. Flow cytometric analyses, cell adhesion, and inhibition assays disclosed αvβ3 and αvβ5 as the principal integrins mediating the adhesion of osteoblastic cells to βig-h3. The disruption of interactions between βig-h3 and osteoblasts by a function-blocking antibody specific for αvβ3 but not for αvβ5 abolished the inhibitory effect of βig-h3 on osteoblast differentiation. We suggest that these interacting integrins may play an important role in βig-h3-mediated inhibition of osteoblast differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-242
Number of pages11
JournalBone
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone formation
  • Osteoblast differentiation
  • TGF-β
  • αvβ3/β5 integrin
  • βig-h3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Histology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'βig-h3 mediates osteoblast adhesion and inhibits differentiation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this