Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether 1 month of dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) followed by aspirin monotherapy after polymer-free drug-coated stent (PF-DCS) implantation is noninferior to 6 to 12 months of DAPT after biodegradable-polymer drug-eluting stent (BP-DES) implantation. Background: It is necessary to determine the optimal minimal duration of DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: In this trial, 3,020 patients with coronary artery disease considered for PCI for noncomplex lesions were randomized to 1-month DAPT after PF-DCS (n = 1,507) or 6- to 12-month DAPT after BP-DES (n = 1,513). The primary endpoint was the 1-year composite of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, stroke, or major bleeding (noninferiority hypothesis margin of 3%). Results: The primary endpoint occurred in 88 patients (5.9%) in the 1-month DAPT after PF-DCS group and 98 patients (6.5%) in the 6- to 12-month DAPT after BP-DES group (absolute difference −0.7%; upper limit of 1-sided 97.5% confidence interval: 1.33%; P < 0.001 for noninferiority). The occurrence of major bleeding was not different (1.7% vs 2.5%; P = 0.136). There was no difference in the occurrence of stent thrombosis (0.7% vs 0.8%; P = 0.842). Conclusions: Among patients who underwent PCI for noncomplex lesions, 1-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy after PF-DCS implantation was noninferior to 6- to 12-month DAPT after BP-DES implantation for the 1-year composite of cardiovascular events or major bleeding. The present findings need to be interpreted in the setting of different types of stents according to antiplatelet strategy.
- antiplatelet therapy
- drug-eluting stent(s)
- percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine