14-3-3β and γ differentially regulate peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ2 transactivation and hepatic lipid metabolism

Sodam Park, Seungmin Yoo, Jeonghan Kim, Hyoung Tae An, Minsoo Kang, Jesang Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) γ2 plays important roles in glucose and lipid metabolism in hepatocytes. PPARγ2 is involved in metabolic disorders, including obesity, diabetes, and fatty liver disease. Although the 14-3-3 proteins participate in a variety of cell signal pathways, the roles of the 14-3-3 proteins in regulating PPARγ2 transactivation and hepatic lipid metabolism are unknown. We identified 14-3-3β and γ as PPARγ2 transcriptional regulators. We found that 14-3-3β and γ competitively interacted with the phosphorylated Ser273 of PPARγ2, which is important for regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. 14-3-3β increased the transcriptional activity of PPARγ2 and enhanced the expression levels of PPARγ2 target genes involved in lipogenesis and lipid transport. In contrast, 14-3-3γ decreased PPARγ2 transactivation and reduced the expression levels of PPARγ2 target genes. A high concentration of free fatty acids increased PPARγ2 expression and lipid accumulation. 14-3-3β enhanced hepatic lipogenesis, which is a major symptom of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, 14-3-3γ suppressed hepatic lipid accumulation in the presence of high free fatty acids. These findings indicate that 14-3-3β and γ are novel PPARγ2 regulators and are involved in hepatic lipid metabolism. 14-3-3β and γ can be therapeutic target molecules to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1237-1247
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms
Volume1849
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

Keywords

  • 14-3-3 proteins
  • Fatty liver disease
  • Lipogenesis
  • PPARγ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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