2-Anilinoquinoline based arylamides as broad spectrum anticancer agents with B-RAFV600E/C-RAF kinase inhibitory effects: Design, synthesis, in vitro cell-based and oncogenic kinase assessments

Ashraf K. El-Damasy, Md Mamunul Haque, Jung Woo Park, Sang Chul Shin, Jun Seok Lee, Eunice EunKyeong Kim, Gyochang Keum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prompted by the urgent demand for identification of new anticancer agents with improved potency and efficacy, a new series of arylamides incorporating the privileged 2-anilinoquinoline scaffold has been designed, synthesized, and biologically assessed. Aiming at extensive evaluation of the target compounds’ potency and spectrum, a panel of 60 clinically important cancer cell lines representing nine cancer types has been used. Compounds 9a and 9c, with piperazine substituted phenyl ring, emerged as the most active members surpassing the anticancer potencies of the FDA-approved drug imatinib. They elicited sub-micromolar or one-digit micromolar GI50 values over the majority of tested cancer cells including multidrug resistant (MDR) cells like colon HCT-15, renal TK-10 and UO-31, and ovarian NCI/ADR-RES. In vitro mechanistic study showed that compounds 9a and 9c could trigger morphological changes, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in HCT-116 colon cancer cells. Besides, compound 9c altered microtubule polymerization pattern in a similar fashion to paclitaxel. Kinase screening of 9c disclosed its inhibitory activity over B-RAFV600E and C-RAF kinases with IC50 values of 0.888 μM and 0.229 μM, respectively. Taken together, the current report presents compounds 9a and 9c as promising broad-spectrum potent anticancer candidates, which could be considered for further development of new anticancer drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112756
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 15
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 2-Anilinoquinoline
  • Anticancer activity
  • Apoptosis
  • Arylamides
  • B-RAF
  • C-RAF kinase
  • Cell cycle arrest
  • Tubulin polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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