3-Dimensionally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS)-containing mixed matrix membranes for CO2and non-CO2 greenhouse gas separations

Sunghwan Park, Joona Bang, Jungkyu Choi, Sang-Hyup Lee, Jung-hyun Lee, Jong Suk Lee

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Abstract

The effect of 3-dimensionally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS) was investigated on the transport of two different glassy polymer matrices, 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2) and polysulfone (PSf). More specifically, single gas (i.e. N2, CO2, CH4 and NF3) permeabilities of the mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were characterized as a function of DMS volume fractions. Our permeation results demonstrated that both 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2)- and PSf-based MMMs with a nominal DMS weight fraction of 0.2 substantially improved all the single gas permeabilities mainly due to the diffusivity improvement. Such a significant increase in diffusivity is attributed to the 3-dimensionally interconnected pore structures of DMS particles. NF3, a missing greenhouse gas, exhibited the permeability improvement mechanism different from other gases. Besides, at the relatively lower DMS loading, difference in the extent of increase in permeability was observed for two different polymer cases. It was explained presumably by the effect of a high resistance zone-of-influence, or the rigidification of matrix polymer chains around inorganic particles. Our study suggests that 3-dimensional DMS particle-containing MMMs can provide a useful material platform for separating N2/NF3, CO2/CH4, and CO2/N2, by substantially increasing permeability, thereby cutting down the capital cost of membrane units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-295
Number of pages10
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 5

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Greenhouse gases
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
Membranes
Polysulfones
Polymer matrix
Gases
Gas permeability
Pore structure
Permeation
Volume fraction
Polymers
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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title = "3-Dimensionally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS)-containing mixed matrix membranes for CO2and non-CO2 greenhouse gas separations",
abstract = "The effect of 3-dimensionally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS) was investigated on the transport of two different glassy polymer matrices, 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2) and polysulfone (PSf). More specifically, single gas (i.e. N2, CO2, CH4 and NF3) permeabilities of the mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were characterized as a function of DMS volume fractions. Our permeation results demonstrated that both 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2)- and PSf-based MMMs with a nominal DMS weight fraction of 0.2 substantially improved all the single gas permeabilities mainly due to the diffusivity improvement. Such a significant increase in diffusivity is attributed to the 3-dimensionally interconnected pore structures of DMS particles. NF3, a missing greenhouse gas, exhibited the permeability improvement mechanism different from other gases. Besides, at the relatively lower DMS loading, difference in the extent of increase in permeability was observed for two different polymer cases. It was explained presumably by the effect of a high resistance zone-of-influence, or the rigidification of matrix polymer chains around inorganic particles. Our study suggests that 3-dimensional DMS particle-containing MMMs can provide a useful material platform for separating N2/NF3, CO2/CH4, and CO2/N2, by substantially increasing permeability, thereby cutting down the capital cost of membrane units.",
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T1 - 3-Dimensionally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS)-containing mixed matrix membranes for CO2and non-CO2 greenhouse gas separations

AU - Park, Sunghwan

AU - Bang, Joona

AU - Choi, Jungkyu

AU - Lee, Sang-Hyup

AU - Lee, Jung-hyun

AU - Lee, Jong Suk

PY - 2014/11/5

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N2 - The effect of 3-dimensionally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS) was investigated on the transport of two different glassy polymer matrices, 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2) and polysulfone (PSf). More specifically, single gas (i.e. N2, CO2, CH4 and NF3) permeabilities of the mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were characterized as a function of DMS volume fractions. Our permeation results demonstrated that both 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2)- and PSf-based MMMs with a nominal DMS weight fraction of 0.2 substantially improved all the single gas permeabilities mainly due to the diffusivity improvement. Such a significant increase in diffusivity is attributed to the 3-dimensionally interconnected pore structures of DMS particles. NF3, a missing greenhouse gas, exhibited the permeability improvement mechanism different from other gases. Besides, at the relatively lower DMS loading, difference in the extent of increase in permeability was observed for two different polymer cases. It was explained presumably by the effect of a high resistance zone-of-influence, or the rigidification of matrix polymer chains around inorganic particles. Our study suggests that 3-dimensional DMS particle-containing MMMs can provide a useful material platform for separating N2/NF3, CO2/CH4, and CO2/N2, by substantially increasing permeability, thereby cutting down the capital cost of membrane units.

AB - The effect of 3-dimensionally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS) was investigated on the transport of two different glassy polymer matrices, 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2) and polysulfone (PSf). More specifically, single gas (i.e. N2, CO2, CH4 and NF3) permeabilities of the mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were characterized as a function of DMS volume fractions. Our permeation results demonstrated that both 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2)- and PSf-based MMMs with a nominal DMS weight fraction of 0.2 substantially improved all the single gas permeabilities mainly due to the diffusivity improvement. Such a significant increase in diffusivity is attributed to the 3-dimensionally interconnected pore structures of DMS particles. NF3, a missing greenhouse gas, exhibited the permeability improvement mechanism different from other gases. Besides, at the relatively lower DMS loading, difference in the extent of increase in permeability was observed for two different polymer cases. It was explained presumably by the effect of a high resistance zone-of-influence, or the rigidification of matrix polymer chains around inorganic particles. Our study suggests that 3-dimensional DMS particle-containing MMMs can provide a useful material platform for separating N2/NF3, CO2/CH4, and CO2/N2, by substantially increasing permeability, thereby cutting down the capital cost of membrane units.

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