A case report of intrahepatic bile duct confluence anomalies in VACTERL syndrome

Yoonsun Yoon, Kyungju Kim, Suk Keu Yeom, Jee Hyun Lee, Yoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rationale: The clinical manifestations of VACTERL association include vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital heart diseases, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal dysplasia, and limb abnormalities. The association of intrahepatic anomalies and VACTERL syndrome is a rare coincidence. VACTER syndrome and intrahepatic bile drainage anomalies might be genetically related. Patient concerns: A 12-year-old girl presented with episodic colicky abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting for several years. The individual episodes resolved spontaneously within a few days. She had a history of VACTERL syndrome, including a butterfly shape of the L3 vertebra, anal atresia, and an atrial septal defect. Diagnoses: On laboratory findings, abnormal liver function tests included elevated total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and gamma-glutamyltransferase. There was no significant abnormal finding in hepatobiliary system sonography except mild gallbladder wall thickening. We performed magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and demonstrated an abnormal intrahepatic bile duct confluence, which showed 3 bile ducts draining directly into the neck of the gallbladder. Intervention: Her symptoms related to bile reflux during gallbladder contraction. Cholecystectomy with choledochojejunostomy was undertaken because segments of the bile drainage were intertwined. Outcomes: After surgery, her symptoms decreased, but abdominal discomfort remained due to uncorrected left intrahepatic anomalies. Lessons: Although hepatobiliary anomalies are not included in VACTERL association diagnostic criteria, detailed hepatobiliary work up is needed when gastrointestinal symptoms are present in VACTERL association patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12411
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume97
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Gallbladder
  • Intrahepatic bile duct
  • VACTERL syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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