A compact Compton camera using scintillators for the investigation of nuclear materials

Won Ho Lee, Taewoong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Through its ability to reconstruct high energy (up to several MeV) radiation distributions without using thick mechanical collimation, the Compton camera has been used in many studies like astrophysics, industrial survey, homeland security and medical purposes. Whereas the performance of mechanical collimation decreases with radiation energy, the Compton camera is effective for detecting higher energy radiation. Even though scintillation detectors show high efficiencies, high timing resolution and usability without a cooling device, the bulky size of conventional photomultiplier tubes limits the scope of their applications to gamma-ray imaging. In order to overcome the limitation we constructed a Compton camera, which combined sodium doped cesium iodide (CsI(Na)) scintillators with position sensitive photomultiplier tubes (PSPMTs), which had multiple anodes connected to custom made circuits. The whole size of each detector is only about 5 cm×5 cm×6 cm, and therefore, it can be carried in hand for investigation of nuclear materials at seaports, airports or nuclear power plants. The intrinsic imaging efficiency and angular resolution of the compact Compton camera were 1.7293 × 10 -4 and 17.1° for a 356 keV source and 4.5254×10 -5 and 12.8° for a 662 keV source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-124
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume624
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Phosphors
scintillation counters
Cameras
cameras
Photomultipliers
collimation
photomultiplier tubes
Radiation
Cesium iodide
cesium iodides
Imaging techniques
Astrophysics
Electron tubes
Scintillation counters
airports
National security
nuclear power plants
detectors
radiation
angular resolution

Keywords

  • Compton camera
  • Multiple anode PMT
  • Scintillator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

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AB - Through its ability to reconstruct high energy (up to several MeV) radiation distributions without using thick mechanical collimation, the Compton camera has been used in many studies like astrophysics, industrial survey, homeland security and medical purposes. Whereas the performance of mechanical collimation decreases with radiation energy, the Compton camera is effective for detecting higher energy radiation. Even though scintillation detectors show high efficiencies, high timing resolution and usability without a cooling device, the bulky size of conventional photomultiplier tubes limits the scope of their applications to gamma-ray imaging. In order to overcome the limitation we constructed a Compton camera, which combined sodium doped cesium iodide (CsI(Na)) scintillators with position sensitive photomultiplier tubes (PSPMTs), which had multiple anodes connected to custom made circuits. The whole size of each detector is only about 5 cm×5 cm×6 cm, and therefore, it can be carried in hand for investigation of nuclear materials at seaports, airports or nuclear power plants. The intrinsic imaging efficiency and angular resolution of the compact Compton camera were 1.7293 × 10 -4 and 17.1° for a 356 keV source and 4.5254×10 -5 and 12.8° for a 662 keV source.

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