A comparison of bispectral index and entropy during sevoflurane anesthesia induction in children with and without diplegic cerebral palsy

Young Sung Kim, young ju won, Hyerim Jeong, Byung Gun Lim, Myounghoon Kong, Il Ok Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: This study compared the correlation of bispectral index (BIS) or entropy with different sevoflurane concentrations between children with and without cerebral palsy (CP) during induction. Methods: For eighty-two children (40 CP and 42 non-CP children), anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane. BIS and entropy (response entropy and state entropy (RE and SE)) were recorded before and after the induction of anesthesia at end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations of 1-3 vol%. The sedation status was assessed using an Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scale. The ability to predict awareness was estimated using the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Results: RE, SE and BIS values decreased continuously over the observed concentration range of sevoflurane in both groups. The SE values while awake and the RE, SE, BIS values at 3 vol% sevoflurane were lower in children with CP than in those without CP. The AUC of the BIS was significantly better than RE or SE in children without CP. The AUC of the BIS was not significantly higher than that of the RE or SE in children with CP. Conclusion: BIS seems better correlated than entropy with the clinical state of loss of response in children without CP, but not in those with CP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number498
JournalEntropy
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1

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anesthesia
induction
entropy
alertness
receivers
operators
curves

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Consciousness monitors
  • Electroencephalography
  • Sevoflurane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

@article{a23a30e4d581477697ca432de9d5a356,
title = "A comparison of bispectral index and entropy during sevoflurane anesthesia induction in children with and without diplegic cerebral palsy",
abstract = "Background: This study compared the correlation of bispectral index (BIS) or entropy with different sevoflurane concentrations between children with and without cerebral palsy (CP) during induction. Methods: For eighty-two children (40 CP and 42 non-CP children), anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane. BIS and entropy (response entropy and state entropy (RE and SE)) were recorded before and after the induction of anesthesia at end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations of 1-3 vol{\%}. The sedation status was assessed using an Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scale. The ability to predict awareness was estimated using the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Results: RE, SE and BIS values decreased continuously over the observed concentration range of sevoflurane in both groups. The SE values while awake and the RE, SE, BIS values at 3 vol{\%} sevoflurane were lower in children with CP than in those without CP. The AUC of the BIS was significantly better than RE or SE in children without CP. The AUC of the BIS was not significantly higher than that of the RE or SE in children with CP. Conclusion: BIS seems better correlated than entropy with the clinical state of loss of response in children without CP, but not in those with CP.",
keywords = "Cerebral palsy, Consciousness monitors, Electroencephalography, Sevoflurane",
author = "Kim, {Young Sung} and won, {young ju} and Hyerim Jeong and Lim, {Byung Gun} and Myounghoon Kong and Lee, {Il Ok}",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.3390/e21050498",
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issn = "1099-4300",
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T1 - A comparison of bispectral index and entropy during sevoflurane anesthesia induction in children with and without diplegic cerebral palsy

AU - Kim, Young Sung

AU - won, young ju

AU - Jeong, Hyerim

AU - Lim, Byung Gun

AU - Kong, Myounghoon

AU - Lee, Il Ok

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Background: This study compared the correlation of bispectral index (BIS) or entropy with different sevoflurane concentrations between children with and without cerebral palsy (CP) during induction. Methods: For eighty-two children (40 CP and 42 non-CP children), anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane. BIS and entropy (response entropy and state entropy (RE and SE)) were recorded before and after the induction of anesthesia at end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations of 1-3 vol%. The sedation status was assessed using an Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scale. The ability to predict awareness was estimated using the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Results: RE, SE and BIS values decreased continuously over the observed concentration range of sevoflurane in both groups. The SE values while awake and the RE, SE, BIS values at 3 vol% sevoflurane were lower in children with CP than in those without CP. The AUC of the BIS was significantly better than RE or SE in children without CP. The AUC of the BIS was not significantly higher than that of the RE or SE in children with CP. Conclusion: BIS seems better correlated than entropy with the clinical state of loss of response in children without CP, but not in those with CP.

AB - Background: This study compared the correlation of bispectral index (BIS) or entropy with different sevoflurane concentrations between children with and without cerebral palsy (CP) during induction. Methods: For eighty-two children (40 CP and 42 non-CP children), anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane. BIS and entropy (response entropy and state entropy (RE and SE)) were recorded before and after the induction of anesthesia at end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations of 1-3 vol%. The sedation status was assessed using an Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scale. The ability to predict awareness was estimated using the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Results: RE, SE and BIS values decreased continuously over the observed concentration range of sevoflurane in both groups. The SE values while awake and the RE, SE, BIS values at 3 vol% sevoflurane were lower in children with CP than in those without CP. The AUC of the BIS was significantly better than RE or SE in children without CP. The AUC of the BIS was not significantly higher than that of the RE or SE in children with CP. Conclusion: BIS seems better correlated than entropy with the clinical state of loss of response in children without CP, but not in those with CP.

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