A comparison of functional fragrant components of cymbidium (Oriental orchid) species

Sung Min Kim, Eu Jean Jang, Jong Won Hong, Sung Ho Song, Chun Ho Pak

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Abstract

We analyzed the functional fragrant components of three species of Cymbidium oriental orchids using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). For the comparative analysis, C. goeringii ‘Minchunran’, ‘Jugeumhwa’, C. forrestii ‘Chwigae’, ‘Songmae’, ‘Yongja’, and C. faberi ‘Choemae’, ‘Namyangmae’, ‘Hwaja’ were investigated. Major fragrant components detected by GC/MS were selected on the basis of more than 3% value according to the analysis of peak area (%). We found that α-bergamotene, which has a cytotoxic effect on breast cancer, cervical cancer, and glioblastoma, and nerolidol, which induces apoptosis of human hepatoma cells (HepG2), inhibits the growth of Streptococcus mutans and babesiosis, and has antibacterial properties, are common substances produced by C. goeringii L. Nerolidol and β-bisabolene, which is cytotoxic and suppresses the growth of malignant melanoma cells (B16-F10), HepG2, and leukemia cells (HL-60, K562), are major substances in C. forrestii R. Furthermore, α-pinene, which inhibits the growth of gliobastoma cells (SF-767) and inhibits the anti-inflammatory action of hepatoma cells (BEL-7402); 1,8-cineole, which is a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of gastric ulcers; and 1,3,7-octatriene, which functions as a pheromone, are the most common substances in C. faveri R. Thus, substances identified as major fragrant components in oriental orchid species have multiple beneficial applications in human health. This research forms the basis for further studies of the roles of major fragrant components in oriental orchids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-341
Number of pages11
JournalHorticultural Science and Technology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

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Keywords

  • 1,3,7-octatriene
  • 1,8-cineole
  • Fragrant component
  • Nerolidol
  • Oriental orchid
  • α-bergamotene
  • α-pinene
  • β-bisabolene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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