A durability study of a paracorporeal pulsatile electro-mechanical pneumatic biventricular assist device

Hyuk Choi, Heung Man Lee, Kyoung Won Nam, Jaesoon Choi, Jung Joo Lee, Ho Chul Kim, Seung Joon Song, Chi Bum Ahn, Ho Sung Son, Choon Hak Lim, Kuk Hui Son, Yongdoo Park, Gi Seok Jeong, Kyung Sun

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1 Citation (Scopus)


In 2002, the paracorporeal pulsatile electro-mechanical pneumatic ventricular assist device (VAD) began to be developed by the Korea Artificial Organ Center at Korea University under a Health & Medical Technology Research and Development program which finished in 2008. In vitro durability testing was conducted on the paracorporeal pulsatile pneumatic VAD to determine device durability and to evaluate device failures. The 1- and 2-year reliability of the paracorporeal pulsatile pneumatic VAD was shown to be 91.2% and 54.9%, respectively, with an 80% confidence level. Failure modes were analyzed using fault tree analysis, with customized software continuously acquiring data during the test period. After this period, 21 in vivo animal tests were done, with 14 cases of left atrium to left ventricle (LV) inflow cannulation (36Fr)/outflow grafting to descending aorta, and seven cases of apex cannulation of LV to descending aorta (12mm). The longest postoperative day (182 days) in Korea was recently recorded in in vivo animal testing (bovine, 90kg, male, 3.5-4.0L/min flow rate, and 55bpm).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-624
Number of pages11
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun 1



  • Durability
  • Paracorporeal pulsatile electro-mechanical pneumatic ventricular assist device
  • Reliability test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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