A faster approach to stereocomplex formation of high molecular weight polylactide using supercritical dimethyl ether

Gulnaz Bibi, Youngmee Jung, Jong Choo Lim, Soo Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Engineering the polylactide via stereocomplexation with supercritical fluid (SCF) technology paved way to fabricate polymers with enhanced thermal and mechanical properties. We aimed to establish a SCF medium with excellent solubility for PLA without any additional solvent/co-solvent. We, therefore, employed supercritical dimethyl ether to synthesize 100% stereocomplex polylactide from high molecular weight homopolymers with an excellent yield. The remarkable solubility of the homopolymers in dimethyl ether is the key for quick conversion to s-PLA. This study proves a rapid synthesis route of dry s-PLA powder with sc-DME at 250 bar, 70 °C and 1.5 h, which are reasonably achievable processing parameters compared to the conventional methods. The degree of stereocomplexation was evaluated under the effect of pressures, temperatures, times, homopolymer-concentrations and molecular weights. An increment in the degree of stereocomplexation was observed with increased temperature and pressure. Complete conversion to s-PLA was obtained for PLLA and PDLA with M<inf>n</inf>∼200 kg-mol<sup>-1</sup> with a total homopolymer to total DME ratio of 6:100% w/w at prescribed reaction conditions. The degree of stereocomplexation was determined by DSC and confirmed by XRD. Considerable improvement in thermo-mechanical properties of s-PLA was observed. DSC and TGA analyses proved a 50 °C enhancement in melting transition and a high onset temperature for thermal degradation of s-PLA respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-460
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer (Korea)
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

Fingerprint

Homopolymerization
Ethers
Molecular weight
Supercritical fluids
Solubility
Mechanical properties
Powders
Temperature
Polymers
Melting
Pyrolysis
Thermodynamic properties
dimethyl ether
poly(lactide)
Processing

Keywords

  • Dimethyl ether
  • Fast stereocomplex
  • High molecular weight polylactides
  • Supercritical fluid technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

A faster approach to stereocomplex formation of high molecular weight polylactide using supercritical dimethyl ether. / Bibi, Gulnaz; Jung, Youngmee; Lim, Jong Choo; Kim, Soo Hyun.

In: Polymer (Korea), Vol. 39, No. 3, 01.05.2015, p. 453-460.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibi, Gulnaz ; Jung, Youngmee ; Lim, Jong Choo ; Kim, Soo Hyun. / A faster approach to stereocomplex formation of high molecular weight polylactide using supercritical dimethyl ether. In: Polymer (Korea). 2015 ; Vol. 39, No. 3. pp. 453-460.
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