This paper proposes a feature descriptor based on the local patch clustering distribution (LPCD), which preserves the salient features of a given image following changes in illumination. To mitigate the effects of illumination change, the proposed LPCD methodology consists of two steps. First, a local patch clustering assignment map is constructed by pairing the source image with a reference image. To resolve the quantization problem caused by an illumination change, a dual-codebook clustering method is employed so that an effective local patch clustering feature space can be constructed. Second, in the feature encoding process, the impact of the informative local patches that contain textural information is enhanced when using a saliency detection response as a method of weighting every local patch when the histogram feature is extracted. Experimental results show that the proposed local patch clustering space is more robust than the conventional intensity order-based space in response to changes in illumination.
- Feature descriptor illumination change
- Image matching
- Local patch clustering distribution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Artificial Intelligence