A generalized continuous surface tension force formulation for phase-field models for multi-component immiscible fluid flows

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Abstract

We present a new phase-field method for modeling surface tension effects on multi-component immiscible fluid flows. Interfaces between fluids having different properties are represented as transition regions of finite thickness across which the phase-field varies continuously. At each point in the transition region, we define a force density which is proportional to the curvature of the interface times a smoothed Dirac delta function. We consider a vector valued phase-field, the velocity, and pressure fields which are governed by multi-component advective Cahn-Hilliard and modified Navier-Stokes equations. The new formulation makes it possible to model any combination of interfaces without any additional decision criteria. It is general, therefore it can be applied to any number of fluid components. We give computational results for the four component fluid flows to illustrate the properties of the method. The capabilities of the method are computationally demonstrated with phase separations via a spinodal decomposition in a four-component mixture, pressure field distribution for three stationary drops, and the dynamics of two droplets inside another drop embedded in the ambient liquid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3105-3112
Number of pages8
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Volume198
Issue number37-40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 1

Fingerprint

fluid flow
Surface tension
Flow of fluids
interfacial tension
formulations
Delta functions
Spinodal decomposition
Fluids
pressure distribution
Phase separation
Navier Stokes equations
fluids
delta function
Navier-Stokes equation
Liquids
velocity distribution
curvature
decomposition
liquids

Keywords

  • Continuum surface tension
  • Interfacial tension
  • Multi-component Cahn-Hilliard equation
  • Navier-Stokes equation
  • Nonlinear multigrid method
  • Phase-field model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "A generalized continuous surface tension force formulation for phase-field models for multi-component immiscible fluid flows",
abstract = "We present a new phase-field method for modeling surface tension effects on multi-component immiscible fluid flows. Interfaces between fluids having different properties are represented as transition regions of finite thickness across which the phase-field varies continuously. At each point in the transition region, we define a force density which is proportional to the curvature of the interface times a smoothed Dirac delta function. We consider a vector valued phase-field, the velocity, and pressure fields which are governed by multi-component advective Cahn-Hilliard and modified Navier-Stokes equations. The new formulation makes it possible to model any combination of interfaces without any additional decision criteria. It is general, therefore it can be applied to any number of fluid components. We give computational results for the four component fluid flows to illustrate the properties of the method. The capabilities of the method are computationally demonstrated with phase separations via a spinodal decomposition in a four-component mixture, pressure field distribution for three stationary drops, and the dynamics of two droplets inside another drop embedded in the ambient liquid.",
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N2 - We present a new phase-field method for modeling surface tension effects on multi-component immiscible fluid flows. Interfaces between fluids having different properties are represented as transition regions of finite thickness across which the phase-field varies continuously. At each point in the transition region, we define a force density which is proportional to the curvature of the interface times a smoothed Dirac delta function. We consider a vector valued phase-field, the velocity, and pressure fields which are governed by multi-component advective Cahn-Hilliard and modified Navier-Stokes equations. The new formulation makes it possible to model any combination of interfaces without any additional decision criteria. It is general, therefore it can be applied to any number of fluid components. We give computational results for the four component fluid flows to illustrate the properties of the method. The capabilities of the method are computationally demonstrated with phase separations via a spinodal decomposition in a four-component mixture, pressure field distribution for three stationary drops, and the dynamics of two droplets inside another drop embedded in the ambient liquid.

AB - We present a new phase-field method for modeling surface tension effects on multi-component immiscible fluid flows. Interfaces between fluids having different properties are represented as transition regions of finite thickness across which the phase-field varies continuously. At each point in the transition region, we define a force density which is proportional to the curvature of the interface times a smoothed Dirac delta function. We consider a vector valued phase-field, the velocity, and pressure fields which are governed by multi-component advective Cahn-Hilliard and modified Navier-Stokes equations. The new formulation makes it possible to model any combination of interfaces without any additional decision criteria. It is general, therefore it can be applied to any number of fluid components. We give computational results for the four component fluid flows to illustrate the properties of the method. The capabilities of the method are computationally demonstrated with phase separations via a spinodal decomposition in a four-component mixture, pressure field distribution for three stationary drops, and the dynamics of two droplets inside another drop embedded in the ambient liquid.

KW - Continuum surface tension

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KW - Navier-Stokes equation

KW - Nonlinear multigrid method

KW - Phase-field model

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