Enhancer DNA decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) inhibit transcription by competing for transcription factors. A decoy ODN composed of the cAMP response element (CRE) inhibits CRE- directed gene transcription and tumor growth without affecting normal cell growth. Here, we use DNA microarrays to analyze the global effects of the CRE-decoy ODN in cancer cell lines and in tumors grown in nude mice. The CRE-decoy up-regulates the AP-2β transcription factor gene in tumors but not in the livers of host animals. The up-regulated expression of AP-2β is clustered with the up-regulation of other genes involved in development and cell differentiation. Concomitantly, another cluster of genes involved in cell proliferation and transformation is down-regulated. The observed alterations indicate that CRE-directed transcription favors tumor growth. The CRE-decoy ODN, therefore, may serve as a target-based genetic tool to treat cancer and other diseases in which CRE-directed transcription is abnormally used.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 Nov 26|
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