A hierarchical stimulus presentation paradigm for a P300-based Hangul speller

Tae Hoon Lee, Tae Eui Kam, Sung Phil Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We propose a hierarchical stimulus presentation paradigm for a P300-based Hangul (Korean script) input system. A P300-based input system (or speller) is one of the most promising noninvasive brain-computer interface (BCI) applications based on its direct applicability in many computer programs. Although the previous row/column stimulus presentation paradigm has been well-suited to the English input, it may not be optimal for a Hangul input because Hangul has a distinct hierarchical structure. To overcome the limitation of the previous paradigms, we developed a new P300-based Hangul input system by taking the unique hierarchical structure of Hangul into account for creating a hierarchical stimulus presentation paradigm. By using the hierarchical structure, we can effectively reduce the window size of the interface without loss of classification accuracy. A performance comparison shows that the hierarchical paradigm exhibits higher classification accuracy than the row/column paradigm even with a smaller window size. Thus, the proposed hierarchical paradigm is more efficient to spell Hangul and will be more useful for BCI-based Hangul input for a text messenger, e-mail program, word processor and other similar applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun


  • brain-computer interface
  • electroencephalography
  • Hangul speller
  • hierarchical stimulus presentation paradigm
  • P300

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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