A longitudinal study of the second language acquisition of a three-way stop contrast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this paper was to document how native (L1) speakers of a language with a two-way stop contrast acquire a three-way stop contrast in a second language (L2). Mandarin presents a two-way stop contrast cued primarily by VOT, whereas Korean presents a three-way stop contrast cued jointly by VOT and the f0 of the following vowel. Mandarin and Korean stop productions from 12 L1 Mandarin novice L2 learners of Korean were subjected to acoustic analysis. Results revealed a wide variety of production patterns, suggesting that the learning of an L2 contrast may not always be predicted by cross-language acoustic correspondences. Six of the participants were recorded again both six and 12 months later. The longitudinal results showed that some learners were unable to produce the Korean contrast in a native-like way even after one year of intensive L2 instruction. Learners whose initial production strategy was consistent but incorrect fared worse after one year than learners whose productions initially exhibited more variability. These results contribute to our understanding of both the L2 acquisition of "new" and "similar" categories and also how well naïve perceptual assimilation can predict L2 production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Phonetics
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

language acquisition
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
Language
Acoustics
acoustics
language
pattern of production
Learning
assimilation
instruction
Second Language Acquisition
Longitudinal Study
learning

Keywords

  • Korean
  • Mandarin
  • Second language acquisition
  • Stop consonants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

A longitudinal study of the second language acquisition of a three-way stop contrast. / Holliday, Jeffrey.

In: Journal of Phonetics, Vol. 50, 01.05.2015, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4327f4d6f680419db58647df09d85c09,
title = "A longitudinal study of the second language acquisition of a three-way stop contrast",
abstract = "The goal of this paper was to document how native (L1) speakers of a language with a two-way stop contrast acquire a three-way stop contrast in a second language (L2). Mandarin presents a two-way stop contrast cued primarily by VOT, whereas Korean presents a three-way stop contrast cued jointly by VOT and the f0 of the following vowel. Mandarin and Korean stop productions from 12 L1 Mandarin novice L2 learners of Korean were subjected to acoustic analysis. Results revealed a wide variety of production patterns, suggesting that the learning of an L2 contrast may not always be predicted by cross-language acoustic correspondences. Six of the participants were recorded again both six and 12 months later. The longitudinal results showed that some learners were unable to produce the Korean contrast in a native-like way even after one year of intensive L2 instruction. Learners whose initial production strategy was consistent but incorrect fared worse after one year than learners whose productions initially exhibited more variability. These results contribute to our understanding of both the L2 acquisition of {"}new{"} and {"}similar{"} categories and also how well na{\"i}ve perceptual assimilation can predict L2 production.",
keywords = "Korean, Mandarin, Second language acquisition, Stop consonants",
author = "Jeffrey Holliday",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.wocn.2015.01.004",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Journal of Phonetics",
issn = "0095-4470",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A longitudinal study of the second language acquisition of a three-way stop contrast

AU - Holliday, Jeffrey

PY - 2015/5/1

Y1 - 2015/5/1

N2 - The goal of this paper was to document how native (L1) speakers of a language with a two-way stop contrast acquire a three-way stop contrast in a second language (L2). Mandarin presents a two-way stop contrast cued primarily by VOT, whereas Korean presents a three-way stop contrast cued jointly by VOT and the f0 of the following vowel. Mandarin and Korean stop productions from 12 L1 Mandarin novice L2 learners of Korean were subjected to acoustic analysis. Results revealed a wide variety of production patterns, suggesting that the learning of an L2 contrast may not always be predicted by cross-language acoustic correspondences. Six of the participants were recorded again both six and 12 months later. The longitudinal results showed that some learners were unable to produce the Korean contrast in a native-like way even after one year of intensive L2 instruction. Learners whose initial production strategy was consistent but incorrect fared worse after one year than learners whose productions initially exhibited more variability. These results contribute to our understanding of both the L2 acquisition of "new" and "similar" categories and also how well naïve perceptual assimilation can predict L2 production.

AB - The goal of this paper was to document how native (L1) speakers of a language with a two-way stop contrast acquire a three-way stop contrast in a second language (L2). Mandarin presents a two-way stop contrast cued primarily by VOT, whereas Korean presents a three-way stop contrast cued jointly by VOT and the f0 of the following vowel. Mandarin and Korean stop productions from 12 L1 Mandarin novice L2 learners of Korean were subjected to acoustic analysis. Results revealed a wide variety of production patterns, suggesting that the learning of an L2 contrast may not always be predicted by cross-language acoustic correspondences. Six of the participants were recorded again both six and 12 months later. The longitudinal results showed that some learners were unable to produce the Korean contrast in a native-like way even after one year of intensive L2 instruction. Learners whose initial production strategy was consistent but incorrect fared worse after one year than learners whose productions initially exhibited more variability. These results contribute to our understanding of both the L2 acquisition of "new" and "similar" categories and also how well naïve perceptual assimilation can predict L2 production.

KW - Korean

KW - Mandarin

KW - Second language acquisition

KW - Stop consonants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923014710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84923014710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.wocn.2015.01.004

DO - 10.1016/j.wocn.2015.01.004

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84923014710

VL - 50

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Journal of Phonetics

JF - Journal of Phonetics

SN - 0095-4470

ER -