The authors develop a macro-social theoretical framework to explain how employment and working conditions affect health inequalities. The theoretical framework represents the social origins and health consequences of various forms of employment conditions. The emphasis is thus on determinants and consequences of employment conditions, not on social determinants of health in general. The framework tries to make sense of the complex link between macro-social power relations among employers, government, and workers' organizations, labor market and social policies, employment and working conditions, and the health of workers. It also suggests further testing of hypothetical causal pathways not covered in the literature. This macro-social theoretical framework might help identify the main "entry points" through which to implement policies and interventions to reduce employment-related health inequalities. The theoretical framework should be approached from a historical perspective.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy