A modified parallel artificial membrane permeability assay for evaluating the bioconcentration of highly hydrophobic chemicals in fish

Jung-Hwan Kwon, Beate I. Escher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low cost in vitro tools are needed at the screening stage of assessment of bioaccumulation potential of new and existing chemicals because the number of chemical substances that needs to be tested highly exceeds the capacity of in vivo bioconcentration tests. Thus, the parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA) system was modified to predict passive uptake/elimination rate in fish. To overcome the difficulties associated with low aqueous solubility and high membrane affinity of highly hydrophobic chemicals, we measured the rate of permeation from the donor poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) disk to the acceptor PDMS disk through aqueous and PDMS membrane boundary layers and term the modified PAMPA system "PDMS-PAMPA". Twenty chemicals were selected for validation of PDMS-PAMPA. The measured permeability is proportional to the passive elimination rate constant in fish and was used to predict the "minimum" in vivo elimination rate constant. The in vivo data were very close to predicted values except for a few polar chemicals and metabolically active chemicals, such as pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene. Thus, PDMS-PAMPA can be an appropriate in vitro system for nonmetabolizable chemicals. Combination with metabolic clearance rates using a battery of metabolic degradation assays would enhance the applicability for metabolizable chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1787-1793
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Artificial Membranes
Fish
bioaccumulation
Polydimethylsiloxane
Permeability
Assays
Fishes
assay
permeability
membrane
Membranes
fish
Pyrene
pyrene
Rate constants
Metabolic Clearance Rate
Benzo(a)pyrene
Bioaccumulation
chemical substance
clearance rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

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