A new type of motor-driven total artificial heart system with a moving-actuator mechanism has been developed. The prototype system consists of a brushless dc motor inside of a rolling-cylinder, two arc-shaped pusher-plates and two polyurethane sacs. The moving-actuator type electromechanical pump has structural advantages of small size and light weight, as compared to other reported motor-driven pumps with fixed-actuator mechanisms. The results of the mock circulation tests are reported in this paper with a cardiac output of 9 L/min at an aortic pressure of 120 mmHg and a heart rate of 120 bpm. The fulfillment of the basic control requirements of the artificial heart was also confirmed, i.e., preload sensitive and afterload insensitive cardiac output response and balanced right and left ventricular outputs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering