A multi-group cross-lagged analyses of work stressors and health using Canadian National sample

S. Ibrahim, P. Smith, Carles Muntaner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines the reciprocal relationships between work variables and health outcomes and if these relationships differ by social class (measured by occupational grouping). We used longitudinal data from the 1994/95-2002/03 Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS). Karasek's work stress variables were measured in the 1994/95 (cycle 1, time 1), 2000/01 (cycle 4, time 2) and 2002/03 (cycle 5, time 3) surveys. Analyses were limited to 2556 respondents aged 18-56 at time 1 and who remained in the same social class (as defined by occupational position) for all the three time points. Work variables used were job strain ratio, work social support and job insecurity. Health outcomes used were distress, depression and self-rated health. Multi-group path analyses were used to investigate the reciprocal relationships between work and health variables and if these relationships differed by social class. Analyses controlled for age, gender, marital status and work status. We find there is a differential burden of work psychosocial factors and health outcomes by social class. The cross-lagged relationships between work and health depended on the outcome, social class and time lag. More significant paths from work to health were observed than reverse paths from health to work. More significant relationships between work and health were observed for the shorter time lag (2 years) compared to longer time lags (6 years). Low work social support and job insecurity were more detrimental to health for respondents in lower social class positions. Findings from this study highlight the importance of time lag, and to some extent social class, in the reciprocal relationships between work and health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-59
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Social Class
Health
social class
health
Group
Social Support
social support
occupational position
time
class position
psychosocial factors
Marital Status
Health Surveys
marital status
grouping
Depression
Psychology
gender
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

Cite this

A multi-group cross-lagged analyses of work stressors and health using Canadian National sample. / Ibrahim, S.; Smith, P.; Muntaner, Carles.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 68, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 49-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ibrahim, S. ; Smith, P. ; Muntaner, Carles. / A multi-group cross-lagged analyses of work stressors and health using Canadian National sample. In: Social Science and Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 68, No. 1. pp. 49-59.
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