A Multi-view CNN with Novel Variance Layer for Motor Imagery Brain Computer Interface

Ravikiran Mane, Neethu Robinson, A. P. Vinod, Seong Whan Lee, Cuntai Guan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate and robust classification of Motor Imagery (MI) from Electroencephalography (EEG) signals is among the most challenging tasks in Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) field. To address this challenge, this paper proposes a novel, neuro-physiologically inspired convolutional neural network (CNN) named Filter-Bank Convolutional Network (FBCNet) for MI classification. Capturing neurophysiological signatures of MI, FBCNet first creates a multi-view representation of the data by bandpass-filtering the EEG into multiple frequency bands. Next, spatially discriminative patterns for each view are learned using a CNN layer. Finally, the temporal information is aggregated using a new variance layer and a fully connected layer classifies the resultant features into MI classes. We evaluate the performance of FBCNet on a publicly available dataset from Korea University for classification of left vs right hand MI in a subject-specific 10-fold cross-validation setting. Results show that FBCNet achieves more than 6.7% higher accuracy compared to other state-of-the-art deep learning architectures while requiring less than 1% of the learning parameters. We explain the higher classification accuracy achieved by FBCNet using feature visualization where we show the superiority of FBCNet in learning interpretable and highly generalizable discriminative features. We provide the source code of FBCNet for reproducibility of results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2950-2953
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul
Externally publishedYes
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 2020 Jul 202020 Jul 24

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period20/7/2020/7/24

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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