Purpose: We conducted a prospective, multicenter, open label trial to evaluate the effectiveness of oxcarbazepine (OXC) oral suspension as monotherapy for children newly diagnosed with partial seizures. Methods: This trial included a two- to eight-week titration and stabilization period to achieve effective target doses and a 24-week maintenance phase. The primary outcome measure was the seizure-free rate over six months, while a secondary measure was the change in cognition and behavior from screening to the end of the maintenance phase. The effectiveness of OXC was compared in intellectually normal versus intellectually impaired children (intelligence quotient <70). Results: We enrolled 171 patients and analyzed 168 as the per-protocol (PP) group (3 patients had protocol violations). The mean age of the PP group was 8.4 ± 2.7 years. The maintenance dose of OXC was 24.9 ± 8.0 mg/kg/day. Of the 168 patients included in the efficacy analysis, 122 (72.6%) completed the study and 94 (56.0%) became seizure-free after the OXC treatment. Comparing the efficacy of OXC for intellectually normal and intellectually impaired patients, 79 (56.8%) of the 139 intellectually normal patients and 15 (51.7%) of the 29 intellectually impaired patients became seizure-free (P = 0.61). After treatment, intelligence scale scores improved in intellectually normal patients compared to the intellectually impaired children (P < 0.05). Social problems quantified by behavior scales improved in intellectually impaired patients compared to intellectually normal children (P < 0.05). Conclusions: OXC is effective and well-tolerated as monotherapy in children with partial seizures. There was no difference in the effectiveness of OXC between intellectually normal and intellectually impaired children.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology