A Multivalent Vaccine Based on Ferritin Nanocage Elicits Potent Protective Immune Responses against SARS-CoV-2 Mutations

Seong A. Kim, Seohyun Kim, Gi Beom Kim, Jiyoung Goo, Nayeon Kim, Yeram Lee, Gi Hoon Nam, Seungho Lim, Taeerk Kim, Ki Hwan Chang, Tae Gyu Lee, In San Kim, Eun Jung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has created a global public crisis and heavily affected personal lives, healthcare systems, and global economies. Virus variants are continuously emerging, and, thus, the pandemic has been ongoing for over two years. Vaccines were rapidly developed based on the original SARS-CoV-2 (Wuhan-Hu-1) to build immunity against the coronavirus disease. However, they had a very low effect on the virus’ variants due to their low cross-reactivity. In this study, a multivalent SARS-CoV-2 vaccine was developed using ferritin nanocages, which display the spike protein from the Wuhan-Hu-1, B.1.351, or B.1.429 SARS-CoV-2 on their surfaces. We show that the mixture of three SARS-CoV-2 spike-protein-displaying nanocages elicits CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and B-cell immunity successfully in vivo. Furthermore, they generate a more consistent antibody response against the B.1.351 and B.1.429 variants than a monovalent vaccine. This leads us to believe that the proposed ferritin-nanocage-based multivalent vaccine platform will provide strong protection against emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs).

Original languageEnglish
Article number6123
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • ferritin
  • multivalent vaccine
  • protein nanocage
  • variants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A Multivalent Vaccine Based on Ferritin Nanocage Elicits Potent Protective Immune Responses against SARS-CoV-2 Mutations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this