A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET

Ju Ho Choi, Jung Hwan Cha, Sung-Gi Min, Youn Hee Han

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A smart vehicle becomes a communication device with the advance of VANETs. In the WAVE standards, which is the well-known VANET standards, RSUs interconnect a VANETs to the Internet, and they act as default routers for the vehicles. However, the WAVE standards have eliminated the L2 portal function, which was included in the previous WAVE standards. Due to the short communication range of RSUs and vehicles’ high speed, a vehicle may have to change its point of attachment frequently. The change of the default router causes severe service interruption due to the standard IPv6 protocol’s functions such as the address auto-configuration, DAD and NUD. We propose a new seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism without any modification of the WAVE standards. It increases the coverage of an access router to multiple RSU coverage, while the frequency of the default router changes can be decreased. It also supports seamless packet delivery during the change of the points of attachment. By decoupling the RSU and the access router, the deployment of the WAVE can be more flexible. The proposed mechanism is simulated with ns-3 and its results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationQuality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages183-192
Number of pages10
Volume199
ISBN (Print)9783319607160
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event12th EAI International Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2016 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2016 Jul 72016 Jul 8

Publication series

NameLecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST
Volume199
ISSN (Print)1867-8211

Other

Other12th EAI International Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2016
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period16/7/716/7/8

Fingerprint

Routers
Communication
Internet
Network protocols

Keywords

  • Seamless handover
  • Vehicular communications
  • WAVE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this

Choi, J. H., Cha, J. H., Min, S-G., & Han, Y. H. (2017). A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET. In Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 199, pp. 183-192). (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST; Vol. 199). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60717-7_18

A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET. / Choi, Ju Ho; Cha, Jung Hwan; Min, Sung-Gi; Han, Youn Hee.

Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 199 Springer Verlag, 2017. p. 183-192 (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST; Vol. 199).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Choi, JH, Cha, JH, Min, S-G & Han, YH 2017, A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET. in Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings. vol. 199, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST, vol. 199, Springer Verlag, pp. 183-192, 12th EAI International Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2016, Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 16/7/7. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60717-7_18
Choi JH, Cha JH, Min S-G, Han YH. A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET. In Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 199. Springer Verlag. 2017. p. 183-192. (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60717-7_18
Choi, Ju Ho ; Cha, Jung Hwan ; Min, Sung-Gi ; Han, Youn Hee. / A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET. Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 199 Springer Verlag, 2017. pp. 183-192 (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST).
@inproceedings{a4af26dd6fd7497c9e4be5dae8bc63cf,
title = "A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET",
abstract = "A smart vehicle becomes a communication device with the advance of VANETs. In the WAVE standards, which is the well-known VANET standards, RSUs interconnect a VANETs to the Internet, and they act as default routers for the vehicles. However, the WAVE standards have eliminated the L2 portal function, which was included in the previous WAVE standards. Due to the short communication range of RSUs and vehicles’ high speed, a vehicle may have to change its point of attachment frequently. The change of the default router causes severe service interruption due to the standard IPv6 protocol’s functions such as the address auto-configuration, DAD and NUD. We propose a new seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism without any modification of the WAVE standards. It increases the coverage of an access router to multiple RSU coverage, while the frequency of the default router changes can be decreased. It also supports seamless packet delivery during the change of the points of attachment. By decoupling the RSU and the access router, the deployment of the WAVE can be more flexible. The proposed mechanism is simulated with ns-3 and its results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.",
keywords = "Seamless handover, Vehicular communications, WAVE",
author = "Choi, {Ju Ho} and Cha, {Jung Hwan} and Sung-Gi Min and Han, {Youn Hee}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-60717-7_18",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783319607160",
volume = "199",
series = "Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
pages = "183--192",
booktitle = "Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - A network-based seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism in VANET

AU - Choi, Ju Ho

AU - Cha, Jung Hwan

AU - Min, Sung-Gi

AU - Han, Youn Hee

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - A smart vehicle becomes a communication device with the advance of VANETs. In the WAVE standards, which is the well-known VANET standards, RSUs interconnect a VANETs to the Internet, and they act as default routers for the vehicles. However, the WAVE standards have eliminated the L2 portal function, which was included in the previous WAVE standards. Due to the short communication range of RSUs and vehicles’ high speed, a vehicle may have to change its point of attachment frequently. The change of the default router causes severe service interruption due to the standard IPv6 protocol’s functions such as the address auto-configuration, DAD and NUD. We propose a new seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism without any modification of the WAVE standards. It increases the coverage of an access router to multiple RSU coverage, while the frequency of the default router changes can be decreased. It also supports seamless packet delivery during the change of the points of attachment. By decoupling the RSU and the access router, the deployment of the WAVE can be more flexible. The proposed mechanism is simulated with ns-3 and its results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

AB - A smart vehicle becomes a communication device with the advance of VANETs. In the WAVE standards, which is the well-known VANET standards, RSUs interconnect a VANETs to the Internet, and they act as default routers for the vehicles. However, the WAVE standards have eliminated the L2 portal function, which was included in the previous WAVE standards. Due to the short communication range of RSUs and vehicles’ high speed, a vehicle may have to change its point of attachment frequently. The change of the default router causes severe service interruption due to the standard IPv6 protocol’s functions such as the address auto-configuration, DAD and NUD. We propose a new seamless handover scheme with an L2 extension mechanism without any modification of the WAVE standards. It increases the coverage of an access router to multiple RSU coverage, while the frequency of the default router changes can be decreased. It also supports seamless packet delivery during the change of the points of attachment. By decoupling the RSU and the access router, the deployment of the WAVE can be more flexible. The proposed mechanism is simulated with ns-3 and its results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

KW - Seamless handover

KW - Vehicular communications

KW - WAVE

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028440123&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028440123&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-60717-7_18

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-60717-7_18

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85028440123

SN - 9783319607160

VL - 199

T3 - Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST

SP - 183

EP - 192

BT - Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness in Heterogeneous Networks - 12th International Conference, QShine 2016, Proceedings

PB - Springer Verlag

ER -