A new feature commonly observed from air and ground for outdoor localization with elevation map built by aerial mapping system

Tae Bum Kwon, Jae-Bok Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monte Carlo localization (MCL) uses a reference map to estimate a pose of a ground robot in outdoor environments. However, MCL shows low performance when it uses an elevation map built by an aerial mapping system because three-dimensional (3D) environments are observed differently from the air and the ground and such an elevation map cannot represent outdoor environments in detail. Although other types of maps have been proposed to improve localization performance, an elevation map is still used as the main reference map in some applications. Therefore, we propose a new feature to improve localization performance with an elevation map. This feature is extracted from 3D range data and represents the part of an object that can be commonly observed from both the air and the ground. Therefore, this feature is likely to be accurately matched with an elevation map, and the average error of this feature is much smaller than that of unclassified sensing data. Experimental results in real environments show that the success rate of global localization increased and the error of local tracking decreased. Thus, the proposed feature can be very useful for localization of an outdoor ground robot when an elevation map is used as a reference map.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-240
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Field Robotics
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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