With the aim of isolating a biocatalyst able to catalyze biodiesel production from microbial source, Ralstonia sp. CS274 was isolated and a lipase from the strain (RL74) was purified. Molecular weight of RL74 was estimated to be 28,000Da by SDS-PAGE. The activity was highest at 50-55°C and pH 8.0-9.5 and was stable at pH 7.0-12.0 and up to 45°C. It was resistant to oxidizing and reducing agents and the activity was enhanced by detergents. RL74 was 1,3 specific and Km and Vmax for p-nitrophenyl palmitate were 2.73±0.6mM and 101.4±1.9mM/minmg, respectively. N-terminal amino acid sequence showed partial homology with that of Penicillium lipases. RL74 produced biodiesel more efficiently in palm oil than in soybean oil; and the production was highest at pH 8.0, at 5% methanol and at 20% water content.
- Biodiesel production
- Ralstonia sp. CS274
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal