A novel hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein (SbHRGP3) that consists of two different domains is encoded by an extensin gene from soybean. The first domain (domain 1) located at the N terminus is composed of 11 repeats of Ser-Pro 4-Lys-His-Ser-Pro 4-Tyr 3-His, whereas the second domain (domain 2) at the C terminus contains five repeats of Ser-Pro 4-Val-Tyr-Lys-Tyr-Lys- Ser-Pro 4-Tyr-Lys-Tyr-Pro-Ser-Pro 5-Tyr-Lys-Tyr-Pro-Ser-Pro 4-Val -Tyr-Lys- Tyr-Lys. These two repeat motifs are organized in an extremely well-ordered pattern in each domain, which suggests that SbHRGP3 belongs to s new group of proteins having the repeat motifs of two distinct groups of dicot extensins. The expression of the SbHRGP3 gene increased with seedling maturation, and its expression was relatively high in the mature regions of the hypocotyl and in the root of soybean seedlings. An SbHRGP3-β- glucuronidase (SbHRGP3-GUS) chimeric gene was constructed and expressed in transgenic tobacco plants. The expression of the SbHRGP3-GUS gene was not induced by wounding alone in transgenic tobacco plants; sucrose was also required. Expression was specific to phloem tissues and cambium cells of leaves and stems. In transgenic tobacco seedlings, SbHRGP3-GUS gene expression was activated by the maturation of the primary root and then inactivated; however, reactivation was specifically st the epidermis of the zone from which the lateral root was to be initiated. Its reactivation occurred just before the lateral root initiation. These results indicate that the SbHRGP3 gene in different tissues responds to different signals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology