In this study, we characterized Gly5M, originating from a marine bacterium, as a novel β-1,3-1,6-endoglucanase in glycoside hydrolase family 5 (GH5) in the Carbohydrate-Active enZyme database. The gly5M gene encodes Gly5M, a newly characterized enzyme from GH5 subfamily 47 (GH5_47) in Saccharophagus degradans 2-40T. The gly5M gene was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Through analysis of the enzymatic reaction products by thin-layer chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-tandem time of flight mass spectrometry, Gly5M was identified as a novel β-1,3-endoglucanase (EC 184.108.40.206) and bacterial β-1,6-glucanase (EC 220.127.116.11) in GH5. The β-1,3-endoglucanase and β-1,6-endoglucanase activities were detected by using laminarin (a β-1,3- glucan with β-1,6-glycosidic linkages derived from brown macroalgae) and pustulan (a β-1,6-glucan derived from fungal cell walls) as the substrates, respectively. This enzyme also showed transglycosylase activity toward β-1,3-oligosaccharides when laminarioligosaccharides were used as the substrates. Since laminarin is the major form of glucan storage in brown macroalgae, Gly5M could be used to produce glucose and laminarioligosaccharides, using brown macroalgae, for industrial purposes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology