A novel long noncoding RNA Linc-ASEN represses cellular senescence through multileveled reduction of p21 expression

Hyung Chul Lee, Donghee Kang, Namshik Han, Yerim Lee, Hyun Jung Hwang, Sat Byol Lee, Jueng Soo You, Byung Soh Min, Heon Joo Park, Young Gyu Ko, Myriam Gorospe, Jae Seon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulating diverse cellular processes implicate in many diseases. However, the function of lncRNAs in cellular senescence remains largely unknown. Here we identify a novel long intergenic noncoding RNA Linc-ASEN expresses in prematurely senescent cells. We find that Linc-ASEN associates with UPF1 by RNA pulldown mass spectrometry analysis, and represses cellular senescence by reducing p21 production transcriptionally and posttranscriptionally. Mechanistically, the Linc-ASEN-UPF1 complex suppressed p21 transcription by recruiting Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 (PRC1) and PRC2 to the p21 locus, and thereby preventing binding of the transcriptional activator p53 on the p21 promoter through histone modification. In addition, the Linc-ASEN-UPF1 complex repressed p21 expression posttranscriptionally by enhancing p21 mRNA decay in association with DCP1A. Accordingly, Linc-ASEN levels were found to correlate inversely with p21 mRNA levels in tumors from patient-derived mouse xenograft, in various human cancer tissues, and in aged mice tissues. Our results reveal that Linc-ASEN prevents cellular senescence by reducing the transcription and stability of p21 mRNA in concert with UPF1, and suggest that Linc-ASEN might be a potential therapeutic target in processes influenced by senescence, including cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCell Death and Differentiation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Lee, H. C., Kang, D., Han, N., Lee, Y., Hwang, H. J., Lee, S. B., You, J. S., Min, B. S., Park, H. J., Ko, Y. G., Gorospe, M., & Lee, J. S. (Accepted/In press). A novel long noncoding RNA Linc-ASEN represses cellular senescence through multileveled reduction of p21 expression. Cell Death and Differentiation. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41418-019-0467-6