A novel method of utilizing permeable reactive kiddle (PRK) for the remediation of acid mine drainage

Woo Chun Lee, Sang Woo Lee, Seong Taek Yun, Pyeong Koo Lee, Yu Sik Hwang, Soon Oh Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


Numerous technologies have been developed and applied to remediate AMD, but each has specific drawbacks. To overcome the limitations of existing methods and improve their effectiveness, we propose a novel method utilizing permeable reactive kiddle (PRK). This manuscript explores the performance of the PRK method. In line with the concept of green technology, the PRK method recycles industrial waste, such as steel slag and waste cast iron. Our results demonstrate that the PRK method can be applied to remediate AMD under optimal operational conditions. Especially, this method allows for simple installation and cheap expenditure, compared with established technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17082
Pages (from-to)332-341
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 15



  • Acid mine drainage
  • Arsenic
  • Heavy metals
  • Permeable reactive kiddle
  • PH neutralization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

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