A phantom-node method with edge-based strain smoothing for linear elastic fracture mechanics

N. Vu-Bac, H. Nguyen-Xuan, L. Chen, C. K. Lee, Goangseup Zi, X. Zhuang, G. R. Liu, Timon Rabczuk

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92 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a novel numerical procedure based on the combination of an edge-based smoothed finite element (ES-FEM) with a phantom-node method for 2D linear elastic fracture mechanics. In the standard phantom-node method, the cracks are formulated by adding phantom nodes, and the cracked element is replaced by two new superimposed elements. This approach is quite simple to implement into existing explicit finite element programs. The shape functions associated with discontinuous elements are similar to those of the standard finite elements, which leads to certain simplification with implementing in the existing codes. The phantom-node method allows modeling discontinuities at an arbitrary location in the mesh. The ES-FEM model owns a close-to-exact stiffness that is much softer than lower-order finite element methods (FEM). Taking advantage of both the ES-FEM and the phantom-node method, we introduce an edge-based strain smoothing technique for the phantom-node method. Numerical results show that the proposed method achieves high accuracy compared with the extended finite element method (XFEM) and other reference solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number978026
JournalJournal of Applied Mathematics
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 19


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Vu-Bac, N., Nguyen-Xuan, H., Chen, L., Lee, C. K., Zi, G., Zhuang, X., Liu, G. R., & Rabczuk, T. (2013). A phantom-node method with edge-based strain smoothing for linear elastic fracture mechanics. Journal of Applied Mathematics, 2013, [978026]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/978026