A psychophysical and computational analysis of intensity-based stereo.

H. A. Mallot, P. A. Arndt, H. H. Bülthoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


We describe two psychophysical experiments testing predictions of the square difference mechanism we have previously proposed for intensity-based stereo. Experiment 1 assesses the relative contributions of disparity and contrast to intensity-based stereo by measuring detection thresholds. The product of disparity and contrast at threshold is shown to be constant. In experiment 2, we measure quantitatively the global depth position perceived in stereograms of curved, smoothly shaded surfaces. The results show that disparity averaging over the surface involves a contrast-dependent weighting function. The results from both experiments are consistent with predictions derived from the square difference mechanism. The relation of this mechanism to feature correspondence stereopsis and shape-from-shading is discussed and a general framework for assessing the modularity of stereopsis is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-198
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Cybernetics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Sept

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science(all)


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