For stable and effective control of the sensor system, analog sensor signals such as temperature, pressure, and electromagnetic fields should be accurately measured and converted to digital bits. However, radiation environments, such as space, flight, nuclear power plants, and nuclear fusion reactors, as well as high-reliability applications, such as automotive semiconductor systems, suffer from radiation effects that degrade the performance of the sensor readout system including analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and cause system malfunctions. This paper investigates an optimal ADC structure in radiation environments and proposes a successive-approximation-register (SAR) ADC using delay-based double feedback flip-flops to enhance the system tolerance against radiation effects, including total ionizing dose (TID) and single event effects (SEE). The proposed flip-flop was fabricated using 130 nm complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) silicon-on-insulator (SOI) process, and its radiation tolerance was measured in actual radiation test facilities. Also, the proposed radiation-hardened SAR ADC with delay-based dual feedback flip-flops was designed and verified by utilizing compact transistor models, which reflect radiation effects to CMOS parameters, and radiation simulator computer aided design (CAD) tools.
- Compact model
- SAR ADC
- Soft error
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering