A randomized controlled trial of physical activity, dietary habit, and distress management with the Leadership and Coaching for Health (LEACH) program for disease-free cancer survivors

Young Ho Yun, Young Ae Kim, Myung Kyung Lee, Jin Ah Sim, Byung Ho Nam, Sohee Kim, Eun Sook Lee, Dong Young Noh, Jae Young Lim, Sung Kim, Si Young Kim, Chi Heum Cho, Kyung Hae Jung, Mison Chun, Soon Nam Lee, Kyong Hwa Park, Sohee Park

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Abstract

Background: We aimed to evaluate the potential benefits of the Leadership and Coaching for Health (LEACH) program on physical activity (PA), dietary habits, and distress management in cancer survivors. Methods: We randomly assigned 248 cancer survivors with an allocation ratio of two-to-one to the LEACH program (LP) group, coached by long-term survivors, or the usual care (UC) group. At baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months, we used PA scores, the intake of vegetables and fruits (VF), and the Post Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) as primary outcomes and, for secondary outcomes, the Ten Rules for Highly Effective Health Behavior adhered to and quality of life (QOL), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). Results: For primary outcomes, the two groups did not significantly differ in PA scores or VF intake but differed marginally in PTGI. For secondary outcomes, the LP group showed a significantly greater improvement in the HADS anxiety score, the social functioning score, and the appetite loss and financial difficulties scores of the EORTC QLQ-C30 scales from baseline to 3 months. From baseline to 12 months, the LP group showed a significantly greater decrease in the EORTC QLQ-C30 fatigue score and a significantly greater increase in the number of the Ten Rules for Highly Effective Health Behavior. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the LEACH program, coached by long-term survivors, can provide effective management of the QOL of cancer survivors but not of their PA or dietary habits. Trial registration: Clinical trial information can be found for the following: NCT01527409(the date when the trial was registered: February 2012).

Original languageEnglish
Article number298
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 2

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Keywords

  • Balanced diet
  • Health coaching
  • Health partnership
  • Positive thinking
  • Regular exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Yun, Y. H., Kim, Y. A., Lee, M. K., Sim, J. A., Nam, B. H., Kim, S., Lee, E. S., Noh, D. Y., Lim, J. Y., Kim, S., Kim, S. Y., Cho, C. H., Jung, K. H., Chun, M., Lee, S. N., Park, K. H., & Park, S. (2017). A randomized controlled trial of physical activity, dietary habit, and distress management with the Leadership and Coaching for Health (LEACH) program for disease-free cancer survivors. BMC Cancer, 17(1), [298]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3290-9