A Randomized, Double-blind, Active-controlled Phase III Trial of a Cell Culture-derived Quadrivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine in Healthy South Korean Children and Adolescents 6 Months to 18 Years of Age

Byung Wook Eun, Taek Jin Lee, Jina Lee, Ki Hwan Kim, Dong Ho Kim, Dae Sun Jo, Sun Hee Shin, Hun Kim, Kyung Ho Kim, Yun Kyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cell culture-derived influenza vaccines have several important advantages over egg-based influenza vaccines. The quadrivalent influenza vaccine may offer broader protection against seasonal influenza than trivalent influenza vaccine by containing 1 more B strain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of NBP607-QIV, a novel cell culture-derived inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (cIIV4), in children and adolescents. METHODS: This phase III, randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial in children/adolescents (6 mo to 18 yr) was conducted in South Korea during 2014-2015 season. Subjects were randomized 4:1 to receive either NBP607-QIV or control inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine. Hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers were assessed in prevaccination and 28 days postvaccination sera. Safety data were collected for up to 6 months postvaccination. RESULTS: A total of 454 participants completed the study. Three-hundred sixty-six subjects received cIIV4 and 88 subjects received inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine. Overall, NBP607-QIV met the immunogenicity criteria of Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use for each of the 4 strains. Between the NBP607-QIV and control groups, immunogenicity endpoints were comparable. Participants younger than 3 years of age had lower immunologic responses to 2 influenza B strains in both NBP607-QIV and control group. No deaths, vaccine-related serious adverse events (AEs) or withdrawals because of AEs were reported. The solicited AEs reported were generally of mild intensity. CONCLUSIONS: NBP607-QIV, a novel cIIV4, showed good immunogenicity to all 4 influenza strains and had tolerable safety profiles in children and adolescents. Moreover, NBP607-QIV was more immunogenic against influenza B compared with the control, an egg-based subunit vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e209-e215
JournalThe Pediatric infectious disease journal
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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