A scalable multi-porting solution for future wide-issue processors

Bhooshan S. Thakar, Sun Kyu Park, Gyungho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wide-issue processors issuing tens of instructions per cycle, put heavy stress on the memory system, including data caches. For wide-issue architectures, the data cache needs to be heavily multi-ported with extremely wide data-paths. This paper studies a scalable solution to achieve multi-porting with short data-paths and less hardware complexity at higher clock-rates. Our approach divides memory streams into multiple independent sub-streams with the help of a prediction mechanism before they enter the reservation stations. Partitioned memory-reference instructions are then fed into separate memory pipelines, each of which is connected to a small data-cache, called access region cache. The separation of independent memory references, in an ideal situation, facilitates the use of multiple caches with smaller number of ports and thus increases the data-bandwidth. We describe and evaluate a wide-issue processor with distinct memory pipelines, driven by a prediction mechanism. The potential performance of the proposed design is measured by comparing it with existing multi-porting solutions as well as an ideal multi-ported data cache.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalMicroprocessors and Microsystems
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr 25
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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