Hydrogen storage in Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) systems is appealing for the safe storage and distribution of excess renewable energy via existing gasoline infrastructures to end-users. We present the eutectic mixture of biphenyl and diphenyl ether of its first use as a LOHC material. The material is hydrogenated with 99% selectivity without the cleavage of C–O bond, with commercial heterogeneous catalysts, which is confirmed by nuclear magnetic spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Equilibrium concentration, dehydrogenation enthalpy, and thermo-neutral temperature are calculated using a density functional theory. The results indicate that O-atom-containing material exhibits more favorable dehydrogenation thermodynamics than that of the hydrocarbon analogue. The H2-rich material contains 6.8 wt% of gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity. A preliminary study of catalytic dehydrogenation on a continuous reactor is presented to demonstrate a reversibility of this material.
- Diphenyl ether
- Hydrogen storage
- Liquid organic hydrogen carrier
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Energy (miscellaneous)