A Synergistic Electrorheological Enhancement by Adsorbed Surfactants and Water

Young Dae Kim, Suk Woo Nam, Tae Jin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dielectric properties of surfactant activated alumina suspensions were investigated to probe the mechanism by which surfactants enhance the particle polarization. The dielectric constants of the surfactant adsorbed alumina particles indicate that the enhanced particle polarizability can not be the only effect of the adsorbed surfactants and there is a synergistic effect. Adsorption study showing that considerable amount of surfactants and water presents on the particles and the ER response increasing with the water content indicate that adsorbed surfactant and water interact cooperatively to enhance interfacial polarization. The observed gel structures of Brij 30 and water support this explanation. The ER response increases with the Cl- content on the particles, supporting that the ER enhancement may arise from the increased proton transfer. Therefore, by forming a gel structure promoted by hydrogen bonds between the adsorbed surfactants and water on the particle surface, the dielectric properties of particles increases due to proton transfer through the gel structure, leading to the enhanced ER response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-493
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume9
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Dielectric properties
  • Electrorheology
  • Interfacial polarization
  • Surfactant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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