A text-based data mining and toxicity prediction modeling system for a clinical decision support in radiation oncology: A preliminary study

Kwang Hyeon Kim, Suk Lee, Jang Bo Shim, Kyung Hwan Chang, Dae-Sik Yang, Won Sup Yoon, Young Je Park, Chul Yong Kim, Yuan Jie Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is an integrated research for text-based data mining and toxicity prediction modeling system for clinical decision support system based on big data in radiation oncology as a preliminary research. The structured and unstructured data were prepared by treatment plans and the unstructured data were extracted by dose-volume data image pattern recognition of prostate cancer for research articles crawling through the internet. We modeled an artificial neural network to build a predictor model system for toxicity prediction of organs at risk. We used a text-based data mining approach to build the artificial neural network model for bladder and rectum complication predictions. The pattern recognition method was used to mine the unstructured toxicity data for dose-volume at the detection accuracy of 97.9%. The confusion matrix and training model of the neural network were achieved with 50 modeled plans (n = 50) for validation. The toxicity level was analyzed and the risk factors for 25% bladder, 50% bladder, 20% rectum, and 50% rectum were calculated by the artificial neural network algorithm. As a result, 32 plans could cause complication but 18 plans were designed as non-complication among 50 modeled plans. We integrated data mining and a toxicity modeling method for toxicity prediction using prostate cancer cases. It is shown that a preprocessing analysis using text-based data mining and prediction modeling can be expanded to personalized patient treatment decision support based on big data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Big data
  • Clinical decision support system
  • Data mining
  • Radiotherapy
  • Toxicity prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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