A tricyanopyrroline-based nonlinear optical chromophore bearing a lateral moiety: A novel steric technique for enhancing the electro-optic effect

Min Ju Cho, Jeong Hak Lim, Chang Seop Hong, Jae Hong Kim, Ho Sun Lee, Dong Hoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tricyanopyrroline-based nonlinear optical chromophores bearing a thienyl or phenyl group perpendicular to the long molecular axis, so as to separate the conjugation planes of the parent chromophore, were synthesized. The incorporation of such a lateral group into the molecular backbone of the colorant, together with the use of a strong tricyano-based acceptor moiety influenced nonlinear optical character. The compounds displayed significantly improved electro-optical properties within a polymer host after poling; values of the electric-optic coefficient of amorphous polycarbonate samples imbibed with the chromophores bearing a phenyl and a thienyl moiety were 32 and 40 pm/V, respectively, which were significantly greater than those of the polymer host bearing the chromophore which did not contain a lateral moiety (∼19 pm/V). The attachment of a lateral group to the chromophore increases electro-optic character after poling by suppressing electrostatic interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalDyes and Pigments
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov

Keywords

  • Electro-optic effect
  • Electrostatic interaction
  • Lateral moiety
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Tricyanopyrroline chromophore
  • X-ray crystallography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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