Ability of URANS approach in prediction of unsteady turbulent flows in an unbaffled stirred tank

Ali Zamiri, Jin Taek Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-dimensional, unsteady Navier-Stokes equations are numerically solved to investigate the turbulent flows in a stirred vessel. The computational domain consists of an unbaffled, cylindrical vessel with a pitched-blade turbine impeller. An Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase flow model is applied to determine the shape of the free-surface vortex core. This numerical method is validated by comparing its results with laser Doppler velocimetry measurements in terms of velocity distribution and turbulence kinetic energy profiles at different positions. In the present study, URANS approach with a hybrid zonal turbulence model, k−ω SST and SST-SAS, is used to predict the unsteady pressure and velocity fluctuations within the vessel. Pressure and inward-outward radial velocity waves are generated by the impeller rotation and are captured in the time/space domain close to the impeller trailing edge. The pressure and velocity spectra are computed to characterize the blade passing frequency as the main source of unsteadiness in the turbulent flow within the vessel. The results indicate that the current URANS approach with a proper turbulence model and well-resolved grids can be used as a predictive tool for the flow field and large turbulence scales in the stirred tanks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-187
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1

Fingerprint

turbulent flow
Turbulent flow
vessels
Turbulence models
turbulence models
Turbulence
predictions
Multiphase flow
turbulence
Velocity distribution
Kinetic energy
Velocity measurement
Navier Stokes equations
Turbomachine blades
multiphase flow
turbine blades
trailing edges
Numerical methods
Flow fields
Vortex flow

Keywords

  • Blade passing frequency
  • CFD
  • Pitched blade impeller
  • Stirred vessel
  • URANS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Ability of URANS approach in prediction of unsteady turbulent flows in an unbaffled stirred tank. / Zamiri, Ali; Chung, Jin Taek.

In: International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol. 133, 01.11.2017, p. 178-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a9a7032b7c45497e9c0f8c1f463c2ad2,
title = "Ability of URANS approach in prediction of unsteady turbulent flows in an unbaffled stirred tank",
abstract = "Three-dimensional, unsteady Navier-Stokes equations are numerically solved to investigate the turbulent flows in a stirred vessel. The computational domain consists of an unbaffled, cylindrical vessel with a pitched-blade turbine impeller. An Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase flow model is applied to determine the shape of the free-surface vortex core. This numerical method is validated by comparing its results with laser Doppler velocimetry measurements in terms of velocity distribution and turbulence kinetic energy profiles at different positions. In the present study, URANS approach with a hybrid zonal turbulence model, k−ω SST and SST-SAS, is used to predict the unsteady pressure and velocity fluctuations within the vessel. Pressure and inward-outward radial velocity waves are generated by the impeller rotation and are captured in the time/space domain close to the impeller trailing edge. The pressure and velocity spectra are computed to characterize the blade passing frequency as the main source of unsteadiness in the turbulent flow within the vessel. The results indicate that the current URANS approach with a proper turbulence model and well-resolved grids can be used as a predictive tool for the flow field and large turbulence scales in the stirred tanks.",
keywords = "Blade passing frequency, CFD, Pitched blade impeller, Stirred vessel, URANS",
author = "Ali Zamiri and Chung, {Jin Taek}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2017.08.008",
language = "English",
volume = "133",
pages = "178--187",
journal = "International Journal of Mechanical Sciences",
issn = "0020-7403",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ability of URANS approach in prediction of unsteady turbulent flows in an unbaffled stirred tank

AU - Zamiri, Ali

AU - Chung, Jin Taek

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Three-dimensional, unsteady Navier-Stokes equations are numerically solved to investigate the turbulent flows in a stirred vessel. The computational domain consists of an unbaffled, cylindrical vessel with a pitched-blade turbine impeller. An Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase flow model is applied to determine the shape of the free-surface vortex core. This numerical method is validated by comparing its results with laser Doppler velocimetry measurements in terms of velocity distribution and turbulence kinetic energy profiles at different positions. In the present study, URANS approach with a hybrid zonal turbulence model, k−ω SST and SST-SAS, is used to predict the unsteady pressure and velocity fluctuations within the vessel. Pressure and inward-outward radial velocity waves are generated by the impeller rotation and are captured in the time/space domain close to the impeller trailing edge. The pressure and velocity spectra are computed to characterize the blade passing frequency as the main source of unsteadiness in the turbulent flow within the vessel. The results indicate that the current URANS approach with a proper turbulence model and well-resolved grids can be used as a predictive tool for the flow field and large turbulence scales in the stirred tanks.

AB - Three-dimensional, unsteady Navier-Stokes equations are numerically solved to investigate the turbulent flows in a stirred vessel. The computational domain consists of an unbaffled, cylindrical vessel with a pitched-blade turbine impeller. An Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase flow model is applied to determine the shape of the free-surface vortex core. This numerical method is validated by comparing its results with laser Doppler velocimetry measurements in terms of velocity distribution and turbulence kinetic energy profiles at different positions. In the present study, URANS approach with a hybrid zonal turbulence model, k−ω SST and SST-SAS, is used to predict the unsteady pressure and velocity fluctuations within the vessel. Pressure and inward-outward radial velocity waves are generated by the impeller rotation and are captured in the time/space domain close to the impeller trailing edge. The pressure and velocity spectra are computed to characterize the blade passing frequency as the main source of unsteadiness in the turbulent flow within the vessel. The results indicate that the current URANS approach with a proper turbulence model and well-resolved grids can be used as a predictive tool for the flow field and large turbulence scales in the stirred tanks.

KW - Blade passing frequency

KW - CFD

KW - Pitched blade impeller

KW - Stirred vessel

KW - URANS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028301679&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028301679&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2017.08.008

DO - 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2017.08.008

M3 - Article

VL - 133

SP - 178

EP - 187

JO - International Journal of Mechanical Sciences

JF - International Journal of Mechanical Sciences

SN - 0020-7403

ER -