Accuracy analysis of multi-series phenological landcover classification using U-Net-based deep learning model – Focusing on the Seoul, Republic of Korea –

Joon Kim, Yongho Song, Woo Kyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The land cover map is a very important data that is used as a basis for decision-making for land policy and environmental policy. The land cover map is mapped using remote sensing data, and the classification results may vary depending on the acquisition time of the data used even for the same area. In this study, to overcome the classification accuracy limit of single-period data, multi-series satellite images were used to learn the difference in the spectral reflectance characteristics of the land surface according to seasons on a U-Net model, one of the deep learning algorithms, to improve classification accuracy. In addition, the degree of improvement in classification accuracy is compared by comparing the accuracy of single-period data. Seoul, which consists of various land covers including 30% of green space and the Han River within the area, was set as the research target and quarterly Sentinel-2 satellite images for 2020 were aquired. The U-Net model was trained using the sub-class land cover map mapped by the Korean Ministry of Environment. As a result of learning and classifying the model into single-period, double-series, triple-series, and quadruple-series through the learned U-Net model, it showed an accuracy of 81%, 82% and 79%, which exceeds the standard for securing land cover classification accuracy of 75%, except for a single-period. Through this, it was confirmed that classification accuracy can be improved through multi-series classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-418
Number of pages10
JournalKorean Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Deep Learning
  • Multi Series
  • Vegetation Phenology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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