Acetylation of PGC1α by Histone Deacetylase 1 Downregulation Is Implicated in Radiation-Induced Senescence of Brain Endothelial Cells

Su Bin Kim, Jong Ik Heo, Hyunggee Kim, Kwang Seok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC1α) is a potent transcription factor for mitochondrial function, lipid metabolism, and detoxification in a variety of tissues. PGC1α also promotes brain cell proliferation and memory. However, how PGC1α is involved in aging is not well known. In brain endothelial cells, we found that PGC1α knockdown accelerated DNA damage-induced senescence, evidenced by an increase in senescence-associated β-galactosidase-positive cells and a decrease in cell proliferation and adenosine triphosphate production. PGC1α knockdown delayed DNA damage repair mechanisms compared with the wild-type condition as shown by γ-H2AX foci staining assay. Overexpression of PGC1α reduced senescence-associated β-galactosidase-positive cells and increased the proliferation of senescent cells. Although PGC1α protein levels were not decreased, PGC1 acetylation was increased by ionizing radiation treatment and aging. Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) expression was decreased by ionizing radiation treatment and aging, and downregulation of HDAC1 induced acetylation of PGC1α. HDAC1 knockdown affected sirtuin 1 expression and decreased its deacetylation of PGC1α. In the mouse brain cortex, acetylation of PGC1α was increased by ionizing radiation treatment. These results suggest that acetylation of PGC1α is induced by DNA damage agents such as ionizing radiation, which deregulates mitochondrial mechanisms and metabolism, resulting in acceleration of radiation-induced senescence. Therefore, acetylation of PGC1α may be a cause of brain disorders and has the potential to serve as a therapeutic target for radiation-induced senescence after radiation cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-793
Number of pages7
JournalThe journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 16

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Keywords

  • Brain disorder
  • Cellular senescence
  • HDAC1
  • Ionizing radiation
  • PGC1α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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