Achievement of high efficiency with extremely low efficiency roll-off in solution-processed thermally activated delayed fluorescence OLEDs manufactured using xanthone-based bipolar host materials

Chae Yeong Kim, Chiho Lee, Hyung Jong Kim, Jinhyo Hwang, Mallesham Godumala, Ji Eun Jeong, Han Young Woo, Min Ju Cho, Sungnam Park, Dong Hoon Choi

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The use of soluble host materials and thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters is indispensable for developing high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by cost-effective solution processes. In this study, two bipolar hosts were designed as structural isomers, namely 3-(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)-9H-xanthen-9-one (Xp-mCP) and 2-(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)-9H-xanthen-9-one (Xm-mCP). The two host materials were synthesized by combining the unipolar host, 1,3-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)benzene (mCP) with 9H-xanthen-9-one as an electron-accepting moiety. The two hosts exhibit good solubility in various organic solvents and high triplet energy (ET= 2.67 eV forXp-mCPandET= 2.82 eV forXm-mCP), which renders them suitable for t4CzIPN-containing solution-processable green TADF-OLEDs. The maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) values were 19.3% and 22.0% forXp-mCP- andXm-mCP-based green TADF-OLED, respectively. Among them, the device comprisingXm-mCPshowed an excellent efficiency roll-off behavior by displaying only a 4.5% decrease and 11.4% decrease at 1000 cd m-2and 2000 cd m-2, respectively. These results show the significant potential of xanthone-mCP host materials to develop solution-processable OLED technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6780-6787
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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