Acute increase of GABAergic neurotransmission exerts a stimulatory effect on GnRH gene expression in the preoptic/anterior hypothalamic area of ovariectomized, estrogen- and progesterone-treated adult female rats

Shin Hyeok Kang, Jae Young Seong, Sehyung Cho, Hyeseong Cho, Kyungjin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is known to play an important role in the regulation of GnRH release from the hypothalamus, GABAergic action on hypothalamic GnRH gene expression is poorly understood. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of several GABAergic compounds on GnRH mRNA and serum LH levels at the times of LH surge induced by estrogen plus progesterone treatment in long-term ovariectomized adult rats. Animals received either aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA, an inhibitor of GABA catabolism, i.p.), muscimol (GABA-A type agonist, i.c.v.) or baclofen (GABA-B type agonist, i.c.v.) 2 h prior to sacrifice. GnRH mRNA in the preoptic/anterior hypothalamic area and serum LH levels were determined by Northern blot analysis and LH radioimmunoassay, respectively. All of three GABA mimetics blocked the LH surge induced by estrogen plus progesterone in a dose-dependent manner. However, inhibition of GABA catabolism with AOAA in a dose range of 10-100 mg/kg b.w. increased GnRH mRNA level by 30%. Activation of GABA-A receptor with muscimol at a low dose (5 nmol) but not at high doses (10 and 30 nmol) elevated GnRH mRNA levels by 60% over the control value. Activation of GABA-B receptor with baclofen augmented GnRH mRNA levels in a dose-dependent manner. These observations indicate that acute increase of GABAergic neurotransmission may differentially regulate the release and GnRH gene expression depending on its receptor subtypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-492
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume61
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Baclofen
  • GABA
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  • Muscimol
  • Preoptic area
  • Sex steroids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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