Additive effect of bFGF and selenium on expansion and paracrine action of human amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells 06 Biological Sciences 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology

Junghyun Park, Jung Han Lee, Byung Sun Yoon, Eun Kyoung Jun, Gilju Lee, In Yong Kim, Seungkwon You

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Mesenchymal stem cell-derived conditioned medium (MSC-CM) has emerged as a promising cell-free tool for restoring degenerative diseases and treating traumatic injuries. The present study describes the effect of selenium as a reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger and its additive effect with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on in vitro expansion of amniotic fluid (AF)-MSCs and the paracrine actions of AF-MSC-CM as well as the associated cellular and molecular mechanisms. Methods: In this study, we obtained CM from human AF-MSCs cultured with selenium. The stemness of selenium-treated AF-MSCs was evaluated by cell growth and differentiation potential. Human fibroblasts were treated with AF-MSC-CM and analyzed for cell signaling changes. For in vivo wound healing assay, ICR mice with a full-thickness skin wound were used. Results: Selenium played a critical role in in vitro expansion of AF-MSCs through activation of the AKT-ERK1/2, Smad2, and Stat3 signaling pathways along with inactivation of GSK3β. When administered together with bFGF, it showed remarkable effect in inhibiting ROS accumulation and preserving their multipotency. Proliferation and migration of human dermal fibroblasts and in vivo wound healing were improved in the CMs derived from AF-MSCs exposed to selenium and bFGF, which was caused by the Smad2, AKT-MEK1/2-ERK, and NFκB signaling triggered by the paracrine factors of AF-MSCs, such as TGF-β, VEGF, and IL-6. Our results suggest the following: (a) supplementation of selenium in AF-MSC culture contributes to in vitro expansion and preservation of multipotency, (b) ROS accumulation causes progressive losses in proliferative and differentiation potential, (c) the separate activities of bFGF and selenium in MSCs exert an additive effect when used together, and (d) the additive combination improves the therapeutic effects of AF-MSC-derived CMs on tissue repair and regeneration. Conclusion: Antioxidants, such as selenium, should be considered as an essential supplement for eliciting the paracrine effects of MSC-CMs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number293
JournalStem Cell Research and Therapy
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 8

Keywords

  • Amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cell
  • bFGF
  • Conditioned media
  • Paracrine factors
  • Selenium
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Cell Biology

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