Adefovir and lamivudine combination therapy in patients with entecavir-resistant chronic hepatitis B: Antiviral responses and evolution of mutations

Hyung Joon Yim, Hyun Jung Lee, Sang Jun Suh, Yeon Seok Seo, Chang Wook Kim, Chang Don Lee, Sang Hoon Park, Myung Seok Lee, Choong Kee Park, Hee Bok Chae, Moon Young Kim, Soon Koo Baik, Yun Soo Kim, Ju Hyun Kim, Jung Il Lee, Jin Woo Lee, Sun Pyo Hong, Soon-Ho Um

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study was designed to prospectively evaluate the antiviral responses and evolution of resistance mutations during adefovir (ADV) plus lamivudine (LMV) therapy in patients with entecavir (ETV)-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods: Twenty chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who had been receiving ETV for more than 6 months and developed virologic breakthrough due to ETV resistance were consecutively enrolled. Results: Patients received ADV plus LMV therapy for 12 months. The baseline mean serum HBV DNA level was 5.59 ± 1.28 log10 IU/ml. The rtT184L/I/A/F (50%), rtS202G (25%) and mixed ETV-resistant mutations (25%) were detected at enrollment. The mean reduction in serum HBV DNA levels from baseline to 12 months was -2.3 ± 1.06 log10 IU/ml (p < 0.001). Seventeen patients were followed up for the full 12 months, and complete virologic response (HBV DNA <20 IU/ml) was observed in 4 patients (23.5%). Among the remaining 13 patients who still had detectable HBV DNA, 7 patients showed disappearance of ETV-resistant mutations or reduction of the proportion of ETV-resistant mutants. An ADV- and LMV-resistant mutant (rtA181T) emerged in 2 patients (11.7%). Conclusions: ADV plus LMV combination therapy suppresses ETV-resistant mutants in the viral population and significantly reduces serum HBV DNA levels in ETV-resistant CHB patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalIntervirology
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Adefovir
  • Chronic hepatitis B
  • Entecavir
  • Lamivudine
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Yim, H. J., Lee, H. J., Suh, S. J., Seo, Y. S., Kim, C. W., Lee, C. D., Park, S. H., Lee, M. S., Park, C. K., Chae, H. B., Kim, M. Y., Baik, S. K., Kim, Y. S., Kim, J. H., Lee, J. I., Lee, J. W., Hong, S. P., & Um, S-H. (2014). Adefovir and lamivudine combination therapy in patients with entecavir-resistant chronic hepatitis B: Antiviral responses and evolution of mutations. Intervirology, 57(5), 239-247. https://doi.org/10.1159/000360399