Adsorption characteristics of U(VI) on Fe(III)Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxides synthesized at different temperatures

Hyangsig Ahn, Ho Young Jo, Young Jae Lee, Geon Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the adsorption behavior of U(VI) on (oxy)hydroxides synthesized at different temperatures (25 and 75 °C) was investigated. Four (oxy)hydroxides were synthesized by drying slurries of Fe(III) and Fe(III). Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxide in a vacuum desiccator (25 °C) or in an oven (75 °C). Batch adsorption tests were conducted using the (oxy)hydroxides thus synthesized and groundwater containing uranium ions. In general, the U(VI) removal fraction significantly increased with increasing pH from 3 to 5, remained constant with increasing pH from 5 to 9, and decreased at pH greater than 9, regardless of the type of (oxy)hydroxides and solid-to-liquid ratio. The effect of pH on the U(VI) removal fraction was more significant at a low solid-to-liquid ratio. The oven-dried Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxide exhibited a U(VI) removal fraction lower than that of the vacuum-dried one, whereas the oven-dried Fe(III). Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxide exhibited a U(VI) removal fraction higher than that exhibited by the vacuum-dried one. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis results indicated that the difference in the U(VI) removal fraction is attributed to the dissolution and precipitation of the Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxide during oven drying and dehydration of the Fe(III). Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxide during oven drying.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume158-159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Hydroxides
Ovens
Adsorption
hydroxide
adsorption
Vacuum
Temperature
Drying
temperature
Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Uranium
Groundwater
Slurries
Liquids
Dehydration
Dissolution
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
hydroxide ion
Ions
liquid

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxide
  • Fe(III)Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxide
  • U(VI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

Adsorption characteristics of U(VI) on Fe(III)Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxides synthesized at different temperatures. / Ahn, Hyangsig; Jo, Ho Young; Lee, Young Jae; Kim, Geon Young.

In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 158-159, 01.07.2016, p. 30-37.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - In this study, the adsorption behavior of U(VI) on (oxy)hydroxides synthesized at different temperatures (25 and 75 °C) was investigated. Four (oxy)hydroxides were synthesized by drying slurries of Fe(III) and Fe(III). Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxide in a vacuum desiccator (25 °C) or in an oven (75 °C). Batch adsorption tests were conducted using the (oxy)hydroxides thus synthesized and groundwater containing uranium ions. In general, the U(VI) removal fraction significantly increased with increasing pH from 3 to 5, remained constant with increasing pH from 5 to 9, and decreased at pH greater than 9, regardless of the type of (oxy)hydroxides and solid-to-liquid ratio. The effect of pH on the U(VI) removal fraction was more significant at a low solid-to-liquid ratio. The oven-dried Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxide exhibited a U(VI) removal fraction lower than that of the vacuum-dried one, whereas the oven-dried Fe(III). Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxide exhibited a U(VI) removal fraction higher than that exhibited by the vacuum-dried one. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis results indicated that the difference in the U(VI) removal fraction is attributed to the dissolution and precipitation of the Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxide during oven drying and dehydration of the Fe(III). Cr(III) (oxy)hydroxide during oven drying.

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