Advanced PET using both compton and photoelectric events

Changyeon Yoon, Won Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study presents image reconstruction and evaluation of advanced positron emission tomography (PET) by using a simple backprojection and an maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) method. Advanced PET can use not only the photoelectric effect but also the Compton scattering effect for image reconstruction; hence, the detection efficiency should be inherently higher than that of conventional PET. By using a voxelized cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) detector, the detected position and deposited energy of the gamma ray were found precisely. With the position and energy information, the interaction sequence, which is one of the main factors to consider in the reconstruction of the source image, was identified correctly. The reconstruction algorithms were simple backprojection and MLEM methods, and three methods were used to evaluate the advanced PET compared with conventional PET, which uses the photoelectric effect only. The full widths at half maximum (FWHM) and the maximum counts of images reconstructed by using simple backprojection were calculated for comparison. Using an MLEM method, the FWHM and the relative standard deviation of the counts in the range of half of the FWHM around the maximum pixel were calculated at each iteration to evaluate the modalities quantitatively. For a 3D source phantom, the simple backprojection and the MLEM methods were applied to each modality, and the reconstructed images were compared with each other by using the relative standard deviation for each component of the reconstructed image and by using visual inspection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-629
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 1

Fingerprint

positrons
tomography
photoelectric effect
image reconstruction
standard deviation
zinc tellurides
cadmium tellurides
iteration
inspection
pixels
gamma rays
energy
evaluation
detectors
scattering

Keywords

  • Advanced PET
  • Compton camera
  • Image evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Advanced PET using both compton and photoelectric events. / Yoon, Changyeon; Lee, Won Ho.

In: Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 61, No. 4, 01.08.2012, p. 626-629.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b0fd0a47a79d4ed1b3c65c482ee3e85d,
title = "Advanced PET using both compton and photoelectric events",
abstract = "This study presents image reconstruction and evaluation of advanced positron emission tomography (PET) by using a simple backprojection and an maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) method. Advanced PET can use not only the photoelectric effect but also the Compton scattering effect for image reconstruction; hence, the detection efficiency should be inherently higher than that of conventional PET. By using a voxelized cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) detector, the detected position and deposited energy of the gamma ray were found precisely. With the position and energy information, the interaction sequence, which is one of the main factors to consider in the reconstruction of the source image, was identified correctly. The reconstruction algorithms were simple backprojection and MLEM methods, and three methods were used to evaluate the advanced PET compared with conventional PET, which uses the photoelectric effect only. The full widths at half maximum (FWHM) and the maximum counts of images reconstructed by using simple backprojection were calculated for comparison. Using an MLEM method, the FWHM and the relative standard deviation of the counts in the range of half of the FWHM around the maximum pixel were calculated at each iteration to evaluate the modalities quantitatively. For a 3D source phantom, the simple backprojection and the MLEM methods were applied to each modality, and the reconstructed images were compared with each other by using the relative standard deviation for each component of the reconstructed image and by using visual inspection.",
keywords = "Advanced PET, Compton camera, Image evaluation",
author = "Changyeon Yoon and Lee, {Won Ho}",
year = "2012",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3938/jkps.61.626",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "626--629",
journal = "Journal of the Korean Physical Society",
issn = "0374-4884",
publisher = "Korean Physical Society",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Advanced PET using both compton and photoelectric events

AU - Yoon, Changyeon

AU - Lee, Won Ho

PY - 2012/8/1

Y1 - 2012/8/1

N2 - This study presents image reconstruction and evaluation of advanced positron emission tomography (PET) by using a simple backprojection and an maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) method. Advanced PET can use not only the photoelectric effect but also the Compton scattering effect for image reconstruction; hence, the detection efficiency should be inherently higher than that of conventional PET. By using a voxelized cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) detector, the detected position and deposited energy of the gamma ray were found precisely. With the position and energy information, the interaction sequence, which is one of the main factors to consider in the reconstruction of the source image, was identified correctly. The reconstruction algorithms were simple backprojection and MLEM methods, and three methods were used to evaluate the advanced PET compared with conventional PET, which uses the photoelectric effect only. The full widths at half maximum (FWHM) and the maximum counts of images reconstructed by using simple backprojection were calculated for comparison. Using an MLEM method, the FWHM and the relative standard deviation of the counts in the range of half of the FWHM around the maximum pixel were calculated at each iteration to evaluate the modalities quantitatively. For a 3D source phantom, the simple backprojection and the MLEM methods were applied to each modality, and the reconstructed images were compared with each other by using the relative standard deviation for each component of the reconstructed image and by using visual inspection.

AB - This study presents image reconstruction and evaluation of advanced positron emission tomography (PET) by using a simple backprojection and an maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) method. Advanced PET can use not only the photoelectric effect but also the Compton scattering effect for image reconstruction; hence, the detection efficiency should be inherently higher than that of conventional PET. By using a voxelized cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) detector, the detected position and deposited energy of the gamma ray were found precisely. With the position and energy information, the interaction sequence, which is one of the main factors to consider in the reconstruction of the source image, was identified correctly. The reconstruction algorithms were simple backprojection and MLEM methods, and three methods were used to evaluate the advanced PET compared with conventional PET, which uses the photoelectric effect only. The full widths at half maximum (FWHM) and the maximum counts of images reconstructed by using simple backprojection were calculated for comparison. Using an MLEM method, the FWHM and the relative standard deviation of the counts in the range of half of the FWHM around the maximum pixel were calculated at each iteration to evaluate the modalities quantitatively. For a 3D source phantom, the simple backprojection and the MLEM methods were applied to each modality, and the reconstructed images were compared with each other by using the relative standard deviation for each component of the reconstructed image and by using visual inspection.

KW - Advanced PET

KW - Compton camera

KW - Image evaluation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866053675&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866053675&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3938/jkps.61.626

DO - 10.3938/jkps.61.626

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 626

EP - 629

JO - Journal of the Korean Physical Society

JF - Journal of the Korean Physical Society

SN - 0374-4884

IS - 4

ER -